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Behaviorism as a Pedagogical Philosophy

Page history last edited by ileon@csupomona.edu 9 years, 9 months ago

 

 

 

Behaviorism as a Pedagogical Philosophy

 

Behaviorism is a school of thought in psychology that has been used interchangeably across the sciences. The Behaviorist school of thought believes that any acting, thinking, and feelings of an organism can be considered as his behavior. Behaviorism obtained its main influences from Ivan Pavlov who investigated classical conditioning. Pavlov did not necessarily approve of behaviorism, but his ideas were used by others such as B.F. Skinner who conducted research on operant conditioning.

 

 

While behaviorist and cognitive schools of thought in psychology may not agree, they have completed each other on therapeutic applications such as cognitive-behavioral therapy. While previous thinkers believed in introspection, Skinner believed in identified feelings as causes of behavior. Further, Skinner shifted his interest to verbal behavior in his research career, however, Noam Chomsky strongly criticized Skinner’s verbal behaviorist school of thoughts. 

 

Famous Behaviorist Rockstars

 

 

 

  

This website details the content of book titled Punished by Rewards.  The main topic of this book is to inform how behaviorism affect people's performance. Bribing people of any age to work or perform a specific task with incentives is detrimental in the long run. 

 


Works Cited

 

Baum, W.M. (2005) Understanding behaviorism: Behavior, Culture and Evolution. Blackwell.

 

Behaviorist. (2011). Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/behaviorist

 

Behaviorist . (2011). Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/behaviorist?show=0&t=1303936660

 

Cherry, K. (2011). Albert Bandura - Biography of Albert Bandura. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_bandura.htm

 

Drumwright, B. (2002). Behaviorist Perspective. Retrieved from http://imet.csus.edu/imet3/drbonnie/personalitywebq/behaviorist.html

 

Graham, G. (2010). Behaviorism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism

 

Greene, S. (2003, April 14). Ivan Pavlov. Retrieved from http://www.ivanpavlov.com/

 

John B. Watson. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/John_B._Watson

 

Martin, G. L., & Pear, J. (2002). Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It, 7th ed. New York: Prentice-Hall.

 

Reinemeyer, E. (1999, May). Edward Lee Thorndike. Retrieved from http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/thorndike.htm

 

Kohn, A. (2011). Punished by Rewards. Retrived from http://www.alfiekohn.org/books/pbr.htm

 

Vargas, J. (2011, April 6). B.F. Skinner Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.bfskinner.org/BFSkinner/Home.html

Comments (4)

ileon@csupomona.edu said

at 9:59 am on Apr 27, 2011

I think the first two links are in reverse order. Check the links again to make sure they are set up properly.

Iris Valdez said

at 2:17 pm on Apr 27, 2011

Hello Hooman and Israel,
Great job so far Hooman! I changed the two links that Israel was talking about and moved the link for the Behaviorism definition to the very first time the word appeared in the text. I made some changes to the grammar where I felt it was needed, but I don't intend for them to be permanent if you two would like to change anything. The references previously listed were in correct APA format and I went ahead and referenced all of the links that appeared on the page. The only thing that I am not sure of is if the terms "behaviorist," "behaviorism," and "cognitive" should be capitalized.

hborhani@csupomona.edu said

at 11:08 am on Apr 28, 2011

thank you Iris

Iris Valdez said

at 4:01 pm on May 1, 2011

Hi Israel,
Sorry for the late response, but your additional link works and looks great! I like that you provided a link for a book that details the effects of behaviorism in today's classrooms.

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