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Jonassen's Principles of Constructivistic Instructional Design


Constructivism as it relates to Instructional Design

The two main instructional models are objectivism and constructivism. While objectivism is more object based learning where the instruction teaches a rigid set of guidelines, step-by-step procedures and specific thought process on how to solve a problem, constructivism is more case based learning. In the constructivism design the teacher acts more like a coach, and learners are more readily able to assimilate experiences from others and adapt their learning experience accordingly. Instructional Design Constructivism


Jonassen’s Principles of Constructivism


  • natural learning programs are based on real-world environments
  • actual learning is based on real-world scenarios
  • case based learning allows for non-linear instruction
  • focused learning is based on finding a solution, not reproduction
  • social learning is provided through the instruction of experts
  • communitive learning is provided through interaction with other learners
  • adaptive learning is provided by learning modifications made from feedback





Jonassen’s Constructivistic Instructional Design Model

As you can see from the diagram of Jonassen’s model, the problem is the center focus and takes precedence over instructional procedure. There is accomodation for coaching or feedback so the structure (or scaffolding) of the project can be modified.


Jonassen’s Model as it Compares to ADDIE

“…in constructivism the point is not to precisely transfer knowledge from the instructor to a group of learners but to facilitate the individual learner’s ability to build on and extend existing knowledge within a given domain…” -- Bill Brandon ADDIE


Advantages of Jonassen’s Constructivistic Design

Allows learners to provide their own framework for learning as they work on their own design problems. Emphasizes real world simulation based learning. Allows for flexible learning in a changing learning environment.


Disadvantages of Jonassen’s Constructivistic Design

Requires learners to have access to media, particularly electronic media such as a computer, the Internet and particular software.

Education by the masses has the potential to perpetuate misnomers and commonly accepted inaccurate information.


Jonassen’s Model of Instructional Design

In the Jonassen’s model, the problem takes center stage surrounded by case related design, information resources, cognative tools, conversation collaboration tools and social context support.






Jonassen’s Model for a Constructivist learning Model



Jonassens’s Constructivistic Principles as they apply to Instructional Design

Through Dr. Jonassen’s constructivistic online learning environment a community of learning is created. The learning programs are based on real-world scenarios where learning if case based rather than on linear instruction. With case based learning there is the opportunity of learners to interact with others and to assimilate the knowledge of those with a wide range of in-depth experiences. Through a social learning environment learning is focused on finding a solution instead of merely following instruction.




1. Technology Enhanced Learning, Michigan State University, Department of Telecommunication, Carrie Heeter http://commtechlab.msu.edu/publications/files/tech-paper/carrie-tech-paper-paper9.htm


2. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, Sue Bennet, Barry Harper and John Hedberg, 2002 http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet18/Bennett.html


3. Psychology of Educational Technology, EDET 720, Constructivist Theories,

Costal Carolina University, College of Education, Educational Technology Program



4. Southern Brakes and Plastic Case Study: An Example of putting best theory into best practice for online learning, Alan Holzl, LRDU-TEDI, Judy Drennan, Graduate School of Management, The University of Queensland http://www.tedi.uq.edu.au/confrences/teach_confrence99/papers/Holzl.html


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